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MUIDSI Comprehensive Exam — Measuring Geodiversity in Remotely-Sensed Imagery: Deep Spatial Change Detection Methods for Dataset Bias Mitigation and Visual Landscape Characterization

Amid explosive growth in availability of multimodal remotely sensed imagery (RSI) data from a constellation of overhead sensors, a lack of understanding persists concerning the actual content of these data sources, in particular the nature of spatial variation in the visual and contextual features in the landscape being imaged. Whether described as spatial domain shift,

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GIScience as an Interdisciplinary Bridge in Indigenous Health Equity 

GIS and geographic theories can help bridge a crucial gap in interdisciplinary research projects. Geography is uniquely poised to offer critical and practical analytical support, wrangle spatial data and relate them to other datasets, and ground community-based science within the communities it aims to serve. In the context of the Navajo Nation, a key concern

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Impact of diabetes status and other factors on risk for thrombotic and thromboembolic events: A multicenter, retrospective analysis using the Cerner Real-World DataTM de-identified COVID-19 cohort 

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is a proinflammatory condition that can impact the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems, thereby increasing risk for thrombotic and thromboembolic events (TTE). However, little is known about the impact of diabetes status on risk for TTEs during SARS-CoV-2 infection. In this US-based, multicenter

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Analysis of polygenic selection in purebred and crossbred pig genomes using Generation Proxy Selection Mapping

Background Artificial selection on quantitative traits using selection indices in commercial livestock breeding populations causes changes in allele frequency over time, termed selection signatures, at causal loci and other surrounding genomic regions.  Researchers and managers of pig breeding programs are motivated to understand the genetic basis of phenotypic diversity across genetic lines, breeds, and populations using

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Comprehensive Exam: Using subgroup discovery techniques to identify a high-risk group of suicide attempts among people with diabetes

In 2019, 37.3 million Americans had diabetes mellitus, and 1.2 million Americans aged 18 and older had attempted suicide in the past year. According to previous studies, people with type 1 diabetes were three to four times more likely to attempt suicide, and newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were two times more likely to

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Detecting formation and growth of refugee / displaced person camps in the Ukraine crisis: Assisting first-phase humanitarian response using satellite imagery

Amid the worst population displacement crisis in Europe since World War 2, governments and international organizations have struggled with the massive task of tracking and providing aid to Ukrainian refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs). This presentation reviews requirements and explores solutions for AI-assisted monitoring of formation of ad-hoc refugee encampments and temporary/informal settlements in

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A Computational Respiration Factor to Detect Abnormal Respiratory Patterns Using a Hydraulic Bed Sensor for Older Adults Aging-in-place

Hydraulic bed sensors are efficient non-wearable, passive sensors for unobtrusive and continuous collection of health data for older adults aging-in-place. Continuous collection of data can speak volumes about onset and development of a disease much before it is diagnosed and that is our vision through this work. Hydraulic bed sensor data yields signal from which

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Dissertation Defense: DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF GEOSPATIAL ANALYTICAL RESEARCH KNOWLEDGEBASE (GeoARK)

A consistent finding across health, social, business, and environmental literature is that location matters. To conduct impactful research that can be applied to real-world issues and problems, the research must be grounded within the context of the real world in both place and culture. Significant differences exist and can vary across scales from blocks to

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Dissertation Defense – UNDERSTANDING GENOME COMPOSITION OF EUSOCIAL HYMENOPTERAN INSECTS

Genome sequencing of the Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), a model for the biology and evolution of eusocial behavior, has revealed unusual genome compositional characteristics, including a low but heterogeneous GC content, bimodal GC content distribution, and a biased tendency of genes to be located in low GC regions. In this dissertation, we sought to

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Comprehensive Exam: Accelerating Data-Driven Discovery In Type 1 Diabetes:An Informatics-Based Approach

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an immune-associated or immune-mediated chronic disease characterized by the progressive failure or targeted destruction of insulin-producing beta (β) cells in the pancreas. Management of the disease is challenging, involving lifelong exogeneous insulin replacement and 24/7 blood glucose monitoring. Although more than 1.6 million Americans are living with T1D, most diabetes research is

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