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Artificial Intelligence Driven Framework for the Structurization of Free-Text Diagnostic Reports

Diagnosticians record, share, and store a wealth of data on patients, diseases, and biomedical processes in free-text diagnostic reports. To continue providing advanced biomedical services, healthcare organizations should efficiently and effectively perform complex data management, aggregate data resources, and ensure the interconnectivity and interoperability of biomedical data sets. However, free-text is a poor starting point

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CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN DIABETES SELF-MANAGEMENT EDUCATION AND SUPPORT: THE ANALYSES OF DIABETES MOBILE APPLICATIONS AND PROVIDER DOCUMENTATION PATTERNS

Diabetes mellitus is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the United States. As a disease with long-term complications requiring changes in management, diabetes requires not only education at the time of diagnosis, but ongoing diabetes self-management education. The goal of this dissertation is to identify challenges and opportunities in diabetes self-management education and

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LARGE-SCALE SOYBEAN GENOME-WIDE VARIATION WORKFLOW AND ASSOCIATION ANALYSIS USING DEEP LEARNING

With the advances in next-generation sequencing technology and significant reduction in sequencing costs, it is now possible to sequence large collections of germplasm in crops for detecting genome-scale genetic variations, and apply the knowledge towards improvements in traits. To facilitate large-scale NGS resequencing data analysis of genomic variations efficiently, we developed a systematic solution using

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DATA MINING FOR GENETIC CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE ETIOLOGY OF AUTISM SUBGROUPS

Autism is a collection complex neurological disorders characterized by behavioral, social, and cognitive deficits. Previous investigation of the etiology of autism reveals it to be a complex disorder with no simple way to identify its root cause in most affected individuals. The difficulty determining causal variation leads to the hypothesis that multiple genetic risk factors

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PROTEIN TRANSPORT: BIOINFORMATICS METHODS FOR UNDERSTANDING PROTEIN SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION

Eukaryotic cells contain diverse subcellular organelles. These organelles form distinct functional cellular compartments where different biological processes and functions are carried out. The accurate translocation of a protein is crucial to establish and maintain cellular organization and function. Newly synthesized proteins are transported to different cellular components with the assistance of protein transport machineries and

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HOMOLOGY SEQUENCE ANALYSIS USING GPU ACCELERATION

A number of problems in bioinformatics, systems biology and computational biology field require abstracting physical entities to mathematical, computational models. In such studies, the computational paradigms often involve algorithms that can be solved by the Central Processing Unit (CPU). Historically, those algorithms bene- fit from the advancements of computing power in the serial processing capabilities

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MODELING THE HIPPOCAMUS: FINELY CONTROLLED MEMORY STORAGE USING SPIKING NEURONS

The hippocampus, an area in the temporal lobe of the mammalian brain, participates in the storage of personal memories and life events, including traumatic memories and the consequent symptoms of post-traumatic stress, giving importance to the study of the machinery of hippocampal memory storage and retrieval. The circuit is known to be controlled by the

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An Interventional Informatics Approach to Development and Evaluation of Population-based Health and Web Technologies

Interventional informatics is the use of health information technology (HIT) which drives evidence-based and evidence-generating practices to inform an improved health delivery system. Current HIT lacks movement towards data-driven infrastructures designed to promote information gathering, sharing, and new knowledge discovery in several areas. This thesis undertakes three specific areas where gaps exist. First, in undertaking

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MUII Dissertation Defense-Awatef Ben Ramadan

Steps in Transforming the Missouri Cancer Registry (MCR) from an Incidence Registry to a Survival Registry   Female Breast cancer (FBC) is the most common invasive cancer among women of all races and ethnicities in the United States (US). We aimed to estimate FBC burden in Missouri in terms of FBC incidence, mortality and survival

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MUII Dissertation Defense-Lynsey Whitacre

Alternative Applications of Whole Genome De Novo Assembly in Animal Genomics   Improvements in whole genome sequencing technologies have allowed substantial increases in the amount of data that can be generated on a single individual. This has facilitated many de novo genome assembly projects in the animal sciences. The overarching goal of de novo assembly is

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