Cancer is one of the most common and deadly diseases and its incidence is increasing. There are over one hundred types of cancer and they have a varied impact on society and those affected. Some have known, preventable causes and some are poorly understood. Some can be detected early and some are only detected in an advanced stage. Some are very treatable and some have a very high mortality rate. In order to level the playing field for cancers, there needs to be research to understand more about poorly understood cancers. What is the present state of cancer research funding? How much is being spent for each type of cancer? Does incidence and mortality rate affect the research effort?